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LEVEL THREE - FOUNDATIONS

Strong fundamentals are the source of all Elite and Advanced surfing performances. the two most overlooked and undervalued technical components of surfing are Speed generation and bottom turns. 

SPEED & BOTTOM TURNS ARE CRITICAL TO ALL ELEMENTS OF SURFING, Therefore ANY SURFER ASPIRING TO IMPROVE MUST LEarn to EFFICIENTLY GENERATE SPEED AND BE ABLE TO PERFORM A TECHNICALLY STRONG BOTTOM TURN IN ALL CONDITIONS AND WAVE TYPES. 


FOREHAND SPEED GENERATION

ALL SPEED GENERATION IS BEST DONE IN THE TOP HALF OF THE WAVE, THIS IS WHERE THE MOST POWER IS. 

RISE / EXTENSION PHASE - FROM A LOW COMPRESSED POSITION, A SURFER MUST EXTEND THEIR LEGS AND RAISE THEIR ARMS TO EYE LEVEL AT THE SAME TIME TO GENERATE LIFT FORWARD AND RISE INTO THE TOP THIRD OF THE WAVE.

THIS IS TO BE DONE WITH THE TOE SIDE RAIL ENGAGED. 

FALL / COMPRESSION STAGE - ARMS LOWERING TO THE WAIST AND AT THE SAME TIME BENDING THE KNEES, LOADING UP THE BODY LIKE A SPRING. As this is the 'fall' phase, it coincides with dropping down the wave facE.

AR_EliteSurfCoaching_Stickers_SpeedGen.jpg
AR_EliteSurfCoaching_Stickers_SpeedGenGoofy.jpg

Keywords for success:

  • STAY IN TOP HALF OF THE WAVE - RISE WITH EACH EXTENSION, FALL WHILE COMPRESSING. 

  • THROW YOUR ARMS - TO EYE LEVEL FOR MAXIMUM EFFECT.

  • COMPRESS AND EXTEND AT THE KNEES. 

  • USE YOUR RAILS - ENGAGES THE FINS AND GENERATES THRUST FORWARD. 

Forehand Speed Generation flipped.gif
Forehand Speed Generation.gif


BACKHAND SPEED GENERATION

ALL SPEED GENERATION IS BEST DONE IN THE TOP HALF OF THE WAVE, THIS IS WHERE THE MOST POWER IS.

'RISING AND FALLING', WHILST COMPRESSING AND EXTENDING IN THIS AREA IS KEY. 

RISE / EXTENSION PHASEFROM A COMPRESSED POSITION, A SURFER MUST EXTEND THEIR LEGS AND RAISE THEIR ARMS TO EYE LEVEL AT THE SAME TIME. ON THE BACKHAND, THIS MOVEMENT MIMICS A RUGBY STYLE THROWING OF A BALL TOWARDS THE NOSE.

THIS IS TO BE DONE WITH THE Heel SIDE RAIL ENGAGED. 

FALL / COMPRESSION STAGE - ARMS LOWERING TO THE WAIST AND AT THE SAME TIME BENDING THE KNEES, LOADING UP THE BODY LIKE A SPRING. As this is the 'falL' phase, it coincides with dropping down the wave facE.

AR_EliteSurfCoaching_Stickers_BHSpeedGen.jpg
AR_EliteSurfCoaching_Stickers_BHSpeedGenGoofy.jpg

Keywords for success:

  • STAY IN TOP HALF OF THE WAVE - RISE WITH EACH EXTENSION, FALL WHILE COMPRESSING. 

  • THROW YOUR ARMS - LIKE A RUGBY BALL DOWN THE LINE.

  • COMPRESS AND EXTEND AT THE KNEES. 

  • USE YOUR RAILS - ENGAGES THE FINS AND GENERATES THRUST FORWARD. 

Backhand Speed Generation.gif
Backhand Speed Generation Flipped.gif


FOREHAND BOTTOM TURN

The bottom turn is the SINGLE most important MANOEUVRE in surfing.

THE greater the bottom turn, the more speed and stability you carry through to the start of your chosen manoeuvre in the top of the wave. 

The back arm is to reach down towards the wave face the beginning of the bottom turn. At the same time, pressure is to be applied to the toe side rail. 

Bending from the knees, enter a low compressed position

EYes are to be focused on where you want TO GO. 

THE KEY TO ThE FOREHand bottom turn is to hold This low, strong position with the back arm still reaching towards the wave face. Holding through this phase will have you gain speed as your board drives on the toe raiL.

On exit of the bottom turn, Extend through the legs and torso and begin adjusting to SET UP FOR the follow up MANOEUVRE.

by ensuring the compression comes from bending through the knees and not the hips, holding the low position loads up the bottom turn like a spring, giving potential to an increase of speed on exit. 

SV_ForehandBottomTurn_N.jpg
SV_ForehandBottomTurn_G.jpg

Keywords for success:

  • EYES ON LIP LINE - Keep your eyes focused on where you WANT TO TARGET.

  • REACHING - Keep your back arm reaching down towards the wave face. AVOID HAVING THIS ARM SWING OUT BEHIND YOUR BODY. 

  • HOLD - Loading up through the low compressed position. 

Forehand Bottom Turn - Griffin.gif
Forehand Bottom Turn - Griffin flipped.gif


BACKHAND BOTTOM TURN

THE backhand bottom turn has two key components;

'T SHAPE' - THE T shape is a very common position in surfing, which requires both arms to be opened out from the body, making a 't' shape. THe final element is a twist of the torso to have the chest pointing towards the nose. 

Invisible chair - bending of the knees as though YOU ARE sitting in a chair. 

as the surfer is working towards the end of a 'fall' phase, both the t shape and invisible chair positions are to be taking form.

THE SURFER THEN SINKS DEEP INTO THE INVISIBLE CHAIR AND T SHAPE, TWISTING FURTHER AT THE WAIST TO ALLOW YOU TO SEE THE LIP LINE AND DIRECTION YOU WANT TO GO TOWARDS, INCREASINGLY ENGAGING THE HEEL SIDE RAIL. 

THE KEY TO THE BACKHAND BOTTOM TURN IS TO HOLD THIS LOW, STRONG POSITION. HOLDING THROUGH THIS PHASE WILL HAVE YOU GAIN SPEED AS YOUR BOARD DRIVES ON THE HEEL RAIL.

ON EXIT OF THE BACKHAND BOTTOM TURN, IT is key to raise the front arm Towards the start of the following turn. This combined with extension of the legs generates drive and lift.  

SV_BackhandBottomTurn_N.jpg
SV_BackhandBottomTurn_G.jpg

Keywords for success:

  • T- SHAPE - HOLD THIS POSITION BEING CAREFUL NOT TO SWING THE ARMS.

  • INVISIBLE CHAIR - DEEP COMPRESSION OF THE LEGS, KEEING BOTH KNEES BENT THROUGHOUT 

  • HOLD - LOADING UP THE BOTTOM TURN. 

  • TWIST - AT THE HIPS AND WAIST TO ALLOW THE EYES TO SEE THE TARGET POINT. 

Backhand Bottom Turn - Italo flipped.gif
Backhand Bottom Turn - Italo2.gif

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